Note that et al. is italicized in this post when I am using it as a linguistic example, but it should not be italicized when you are using it as part of a reference citation. General Use of Et Al. Below is a chart showing when to use et al. , which is determined by the number of authors and whether it is the first time a reference has been cited in the paper.
Et al.is an abbreviation of the Latin loanphrase et alii, meaning and others. It is similar to etc. (short for et cetera , meaning and the rest ), but whereas etc. applies to things, et al. applies to people.
Nov 15, 2018 · A period is always used after et al., since the term is used to abbreviate the Latin term “et alii.” There are several rules, however, both formal and informal, that are required for proper usage of et …
Using et al. With six or more authors, you will only cite the first author followed by et al. the first time and every time. For example, each time Allard, Goldblatt, Kemball, Kendrick, Millen, and Smith (2007) is used, the source is cited like this:
Author: Paul Lai
Et al. is commonly used in place of a list of names, whether of people or places, when the list would be exhaustive, or is simply not necessary. The most common use of et al. is found in essays, research papers, and legal writings. To explore this concept, consider the following et al definition.
For those wondering about the rightful place of et al., it is in footnotes and citations. For example, in a bibliography, rather than listing five authors of a scientific paper, we can list the first author’s name and then use et al. for the remaining four authors. Et al. always refers to people–not things.
Et al. is defined as an abbreviation for the Latin phrase et alia which means “and others.” An example of et. al. used as an abbreviation is in the sentence, “The article was written by Smith, Jones, Paul, et al.” which means that Smith, Jones, Paul and others wrote the article.
Jan 30, 2019 · Et al. is short for et alii which is Latin for “and others”. It is used in place of usually rather long lists of names who contributed to a work and one runs out of room.
|What does et al on property mean – Answers.com||Jan 31, 2019|
|What does et al mean after a person’s name – Answers.com||Jan 28, 2019|
|What does et al mean in work cited – Answers.com||May 12, 2004|
|What is the meaning of et al – answers.com|
How to Use et al.
A work by more than three authors. Again, you should provide the first author’s last name, followed by et al. Here’s an example: Students counter Hall, Geist, and Stoeger’s complaints of tardiness by noting that tardiness is a community contribution and not the efforts of one individual alone (Birkenstock et al. 4).
(Kernis et al., 1993) In et al. , et should not be followed by a period. Six or More Authors: Use the first author’s name followed by et al. in the signal phrase or in parentheses.
Schweiger et al. applied the neural network method. Never begin a sentence with any of these three abbreviations; if you want to begin a sentence with “for example” or …