Origins of Sender-Receiver Model of Communication. The telegraph was a primary means of communicating over distance, prior to widespread use of the telephone, and it had one characteristic that made it completely different from other means of communication. One telegraph sent a message to another (sender to receiver).
Background. The model includes four components to describe the communication process: sender, message, channel and receiver, each of the them are affected by many factors. The model also focuses on encoding and decoding, which happens before sender sends the message and before receiver receives the message respectively.
Lesson Summary. The Sender-Message-Channel-Receiver model of communication is the simplest form of linear communication that we’re exposed to today. It involves a sender encoding a message through a desired channel to the receiver, who decodes the contents.
Shannon and Weaver Model of Communication. Sender : The originator of message or the information source selects desire message Encoder : The transmitter which converts the message into signals Note: The sender’s messages converted into signals like waves or Binary data which is compactable to transmit the messages through cables or satellites.
In 1960, David Berlo expanded Shannon and Weaver’s 1949 linear model of communication and created the Sender-Message-Channel-Receiver (SMCR) Model of Communication.  The SMCR Model of Communication separated the model into clear parts and has been expanded upon by other scholars.
In the communication process, the sender is the individual who initiates a message and is often called the communicator or source of communication. The sender may be a speaker, a writer, or someone who merely gestures. The individual (or the group of individuals) who responds to the sender is called the receiver or audience.
Today we’re going to be discussion the Three (3) Models of Communication, but before we hop into it, you should be sure that you are up to speed with. In the Transactional Model, receiver and sender can play the same roles simultaneously, as sometimes happens, as messages can be sent back and forth simultaneously.
When messages are decoded exactly as the sender has intended, the images of the sender and the images of the receiver match, and effective communication occurs. HOW COMMUNICATION BREAKS DOWN. If everyone were to have the same experiences, all messages would be encoded, transmitted, and decoded alike.
The Receiver in the Communication Process. Search. Search the site GO. Languages. English Grammar Glossary of Key Terms Using Words Correctly “The receiver’s task is to interpret the sender’s message, both verbal and nonverbal, with as little distortion as possible.
The sender channels a message to the receiver and the receiver then becomes the sender and channels a message to the original sender. This model has added feedback, indicates that communication is not a one way but a two way process.